This page has moved to a new address.

Volvelle Tutorial

body { background:#fff; margin:0; padding:40px 20px; font:x-small Georgia,Serif; text-align:center; color:#333; font-size/* */:/**/small; font-size: /**/small; } a:link { color:#58a; text-decoration:none; } a:visited { color:#969; text-decoration:none; } a:hover { color:#c60; text-decoration:underline; } a img { border-width:0; } /* Header ----------------------------------------------- */ @media all { #header { width:660px; margin:0 auto 10px; border:1px solid #ccc; } } @media handheld { #header { width:90%; } } #blog-title { margin:5px 5px 0; padding:20px 20px .25em; border:1px solid #eee; border-width:1px 1px 0; font-size:200%; line-height:1.2em; font-weight:normal; color:#666; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.2em; } #blog-title a { color:#666; text-decoration:none; } #blog-title a:hover { color:#c60; } #description { margin:0 5px 5px; padding:0 20px 20px; border:1px solid #eee; border-width:0 1px 1px; max-width:700px; font:78%/1.4em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.2em; color:#999; } /* Content ----------------------------------------------- */ @media all { #content { width:660px; margin:0 auto; padding:0; text-align:left; } #main { width:410px; float:left; } #sidebar { width:220px; float:right; } } @media handheld { #content { width:90%; } #main { width:100%; float:none; } #sidebar { width:100%; float:none; } } /* Headings ----------------------------------------------- */ h2 { margin:1.5em 0 .75em; font:78%/1.4em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.2em; color:#999; } /* Posts ----------------------------------------------- */ @media all { .date-header { margin:1.5em 0 .5em; } .post { margin:.5em 0 1.5em; border-bottom:1px dotted #ccc; padding-bottom:1.5em; } } @media handheld { .date-header { padding:0 1.5em 0 1.5em; } .post { padding:0 1.5em 0 1.5em; } } .post-title { margin:.25em 0 0; padding:0 0 4px; font-size:140%; font-weight:normal; line-height:1.4em; color:#c60; } .post-title a, .post-title a:visited, .post-title strong { display:block; text-decoration:none; color:#c60; font-weight:normal; } .post-title strong, .post-title a:hover { color:#333; } .post div { margin:0 0 .75em; line-height:1.6em; } p.post-footer { margin:-.25em 0 0; color:#ccc; } .post-footer em, .comment-link { font:78%/1.4em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.1em; } .post-footer em { font-style:normal; color:#999; margin-right:.6em; } .comment-link { margin-left:.6em; } .post img { padding:4px; border:1px solid #ddd; } .post blockquote { margin:1em 20px; } .post blockquote p { margin:.75em 0; } /* Comments ----------------------------------------------- */ #comments h4 { margin:1em 0; font:bold 78%/1.6em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.2em; color:#999; } #comments h4 strong { font-size:130%; } #comments-block { margin:1em 0 1.5em; line-height:1.6em; } #comments-block dt { margin:.5em 0; } #comments-block dd { margin:.25em 0 0; } #comments-block dd.comment-timestamp { margin:-.25em 0 2em; font:78%/1.4em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.1em; } #comments-block dd p { margin:0 0 .75em; } .deleted-comment { font-style:italic; color:gray; } .paging-control-container { float: right; margin: 0px 6px 0px 0px; font-size: 80%; } .unneeded-paging-control { visibility: hidden; } /* Sidebar Content ----------------------------------------------- */ #sidebar ul { margin:0 0 1.5em; padding:0 0 1.5em; border-bottom:1px dotted #ccc; list-style:none; } #sidebar li { margin:0; padding:0 0 .25em 15px; text-indent:-15px; line-height:1.5em; } #sidebar p { color:#666; line-height:1.5em; } /* Profile ----------------------------------------------- */ #profile-container { margin:0 0 1.5em; border-bottom:1px dotted #ccc; padding-bottom:1.5em; } .profile-datablock { margin:.5em 0 .5em; } .profile-img { display:inline; } .profile-img img { float:left; padding:4px; border:1px solid #ddd; margin:0 8px 3px 0; } .profile-data { margin:0; font:bold 78%/1.6em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.1em; } .profile-data strong { display:none; } .profile-textblock { margin:0 0 .5em; } .profile-link { margin:0; font:78%/1.4em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Arial,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.1em; } /* Footer ----------------------------------------------- */ #footer { width:660px; clear:both; margin:0 auto; } #footer hr { display:none; } #footer p { margin:0; padding-top:15px; font:78%/1.6em "Trebuchet MS",Trebuchet,Verdana,Sans-serif; text-transform:uppercase; letter-spacing:.1em; } /* Feeds ----------------------------------------------- */ #blogfeeds { } #postfeeds { }

Sunday, February 13, 2011

Volvelle Tutorial

My stats say that a few people landed here recently after Googling "how to make a volvelle." I guess volvelles are gaining in popularity. I've mentioned them before, but not how to make them.

However, I have taught a workshop on how to make one without using a brad or other hardware. Google suggests, and I will offer.

It looks long and intimidating, but this is actually pretty easy once you get the idea. I'm just wordy.

You'll need:

  • Heavy paper or card stock.
  • A compass.
  • Pencil.
  • X-acto knife or scalpel with sharp blade and cutting mat.
  • Optional: tracing paper, large hole punch or circle template, Tyvek. A ruler or straight edge can be helpful.

1. Fold your paper.
For our example, we'll use a piece of heavy paper or card stock folded into 3 panels to make a card, and a separate piece of card stock for the wheel and turning mechanism.

2. Make your wheel.
Open the card. Using a compass, measure a circle that will be just a bit smaller than the width of the page (one of the sections)--but don't draw a circle here. Lift up your compass and draw this circle on the piece of card stock that you would like to use for your turning wheel.

Now shorten the distance between the legs on the compass so that you can make another circle that will be roughly around .75" (2 cm) or so in diameter. This doesn't have to be an exact measurement and can be smaller or larger (when this circle is too small, it's more difficult to work with, but if it's too big, it leaves less room for your outside window and the pictures or text that you will put on the wheel.)

Place the point of the compass in the indentation left in the middle from making the bigger circle and draw a smaller circle in the center. You are making a small circle centered inside a big circle--a donut shape.

If you'd like you can use something like decorative edge scissors around the outer edge of your donut/wheel. This will make the wheel easier to grasp when your are trying to turn it. 

3. Make the turning mechanism/hub.
Keeping the compass measurement exactly the same as from the inner, small circle on the donut, draw another little circle elsewhere on another sheet of card stock. (Or, cheater's method: simply trace the small hole from your wheel.)

Now increase the compass size to make another circle roughly .5" larger than the little circle you just made. Draw this around the smaller circle. You should wind up with two nested circles.

Cut out around the outside edge of the larger, outside circle.

What you are creating is the hub that is going to hold your turning wheel in place and allow it to spin--sort of a big paper version of a brad.

Now make an X across your nested circles to create a guide. Cut 4 slits from the outside circle just to the inner circle (see photo at left). This will allow you to form two tabs on either side. If the slits you cut are too big, your volvelle will wobble. If too tight, it won't spin.

Now fold up two opposite ends to make tabs, as shown. Rolling these tabs a bit as needed, slip them through the hole in the center of the wheel, then flatten down.



4. Make a space at the edge of your card so you can turn the wheel.
You need to make a little space at the edge of the card (or page) for your fingers. You can use the edge of a large circle punch or stencil. Or you can center a little cut out section at the edge of the card. The photo at left is the idea. Don't make the opening too deep, or the pictures or text that you add to the wheel will be visible in this opening as you turn it. You want enough room to allow you to grasp the wheel, but no more. 

5. Position the wheel.
Position the wheel on your card stock. It won't be exactly centered, but will overlap the edge a bit, matching up inside the slit/opening you made. Lightly mark around the wheel so you will know where it will be attached. Now remove it and put a small amount of PVA or strong double-sided tape on the back of the hub only (don't get glue on the wheel itself or it won't turn). Position into place. 

6. Make the window on the front of the card.
There are many ways to make a window. You can use a stencil or a hole punch, measure an opening where you'd like it, or even make an irregularly shaped window. You just want to make sure--very important--that the hub tabs or edge of the wheel won't show through where you make your opening.

Keep in mind that this can also be a two-sided structure if you also put a window (or windows) on the other side of the card or book page. 

Here is a method for making an arched window. Take a piece of tracing paper the size of your card. Open the card and place the tracing paper on the wheel, carefully lining it up with card edges, like this:

Keeping in mind the position of the wheel and hub and tabs (so you can be careful to avoid having them show through), mark where you'd like your window. Follow the contour of the wheel edge as a guide. You can use the compass as an aid.

Remember doing this in school? Turn the tracing paper over and trace in pencil over the window you just made. Turn this back over onto the front of the card and rub with a pencil or burnisher to transfer the markings.

With the card open, cut out the window.

7. Finish.
It helps a lot if you lightly trace around the window opening onto your blank wheel as you turn it, showing where you'd like to add your pictures or text. 

Once completed, seal the card using a small amount of glue or double-sided tape along the edges. Be very careful not to get any glue or tape on the wheel. If you do, you will have a stationary wheel, rather than a turning one.





If I was planning to make anything fancier than a casual card, I'd lay out the wheel pictures on the computer and print them out directly on the wheel. Even when doing this, it sometimes makes it easier to use a wheel with window tracings as a template to scan and work over. You can erase the window markings in your photo or graphics program before printing.

The dotted lines show
where you can add adhesive.
This was solely a mock-up for demo purposes. Which was a good thing. When I was done sealing up my 2-sided wheel, I realized the side with the writing displays through the window upside down (if you just opened the card and didn't turn it around, like I did here for the photo). But that's why we make mock-ups, no? (And why I consider coffee an art supply.)

8. Variations.
If you'd like a volvelle that is simply a turning disk (or other shape) on top of a page, without a window, simply make a hole the size of the "donut hole" in the card front. Thread the tabs of a hub through, and glue your disk or shape onto the tabs, on top of the card. 

The hub mechanism forms the basis for many animated paper engineering structures. Books and websites on paper engineering can lead you to more.

Alisa Golden shows a similar volvelle in her new Making Handmade Books. She suggests using Tyvek for the hub. I haven't tried this yet. She also uses a much smaller hole. I can see how Tyvek, being stronger and more pliable than heavy paper, would make using a smaller hole feasible. This sounds like something to experiment with.






Labels: , , , ,

8 Comments:

OpenID moreidlethoughts said...

Well, this takes me back! I remember dismantling a birthday card ( I was about 8) to figure out how to make one.

Thanks for the chuckles.Now...whose birthday is next up...?

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Blogger Paper Chipmunk said...

Greetings and thanks! I'm sure your birthday recipient will be delighted...

Perhaps a theme of snowflakes?

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Blogger B├╝chertiger said...

Good tutorial! Thanks for writing this down. I found it very clear together with the photos.
And I liked the paste paper you used for your wheel - looks almost too precious for solely a mock-up.

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Blogger Paper Chipmunk said...

Greetings Buchertiger. Thanks for the input! The paste decoration happened between starting the tutorial pics and finishing a few days later. In between, I did some paste paper. That happened to be sitting there, so it got dunked too. Partly, I'd spilled some ink on the demo and was hoping to cover it up! You can tell how organized and together my work space is...

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Blogger Becky said...

I didn't even know what a volvelle was! Fascinating, thank you for the tutorial!

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Blogger Paper Chipmunk said...

Thanks, Becky, and thanks for stopping by and commenting! It's always a delight to meet another book person.

Sunday, February 13, 2011  
Anonymous Paper Chipmunk said...

Thanks, Becky, and thanks for stopping by and commenting! It's always a delight to meet another book person.

Saturday, April 02, 2011  
Anonymous B├╝chertiger said...

Good tutorial! Thanks for writing this down. I found it very clear together with the photos.
And I liked the paste paper you used for your wheel - looks almost too precious for solely a mock-up.

Saturday, April 02, 2011  

Post a Comment

Subscribe to Post Comments [Atom]

<< Home